Demonstration of a bismuth-based electrodialysis cell

Electrochemical desalination using Bi/BiOCl electrodialysis cells

Do-Hwan Nam, Kyoung-Shin Choi,

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2018, 6, 15455-15462.


Redox couple-based electrochemical desalination system

Tandem desalination/salination strategies enabling the use of redox couples for efficient and sustainable electrochemical desalination

Do-Hwan Nam, Kyoung-Shin Choi,

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2019, 11, 38641-38647.


Demonstration of Cl-specific removal and valorization

Electrochemical and photoelectrochemical approaches for the selective removal, recovery, and valorization of chloride ions

Do-Hwan Nam, Dongho Lee, Kyoung-Shin Choi

Chemical Engineering Journal, 2021, 404, 126378.


ChloBis Water, Inc. was founded


First demonstration of bismuth as Cl-storage material

Bismuth as a new chloride-storage electrode enabling the construction of a practical high capacity desalination battery

Do-Hwan Nam, Kyoung-Shin Choi,

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2017, 139, 11055-11063.


Membrane-free bismuth-based desalination battery

A desalination battery combining Cu3[Fe(CN)6]2 as a Na-storage electrode and Bi as a Cl-storage electrode enabling membrane-free desalination

Do-Hwan Nam, Margaret, A. Lumley, Kyoung-Shin Choi,

Chemistry of Materials, 2019, 31, 1460-1468.


Patent granted: Bismuth as Cl-storage materia

Bismuth-based chloride-storage electrodes

Kyoung-Shin Choi, Do-Hwan Nam,

US 10,414,674 B2 (09/17/2019)


Aqueous energy storage system

A seawater battery with desalination capabilities enabling a dual-purpose energy storage system, 

Do-Hwan Nam, Margaret, A. Lumley, Kyoung-Shin Choi,

Energy Storage Materials, 2021, 37, 556-566.